The report details USDA's efforts both internationally and domestically to combat highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza (HPAI H5N1).
"We're working with federal and state government partners, as well as industry to prepare the public for the possibility of a highly pathogenic avian influenza detection in the United States," said Agriculture Deputy Secretary Chuck Conner. "From the emergency response teams we have dispatched to affected countries to the testing of both wild and domestic flocks in the U.S., our approach will help to slow the spread of the virus overseas and prepare for the possibility of a detection here."
USDA plays many important roles in the government's response and is leading the efforts to confront this disease in birds. USDA is prepared to quickly and decisively respond in the event of a detection of HPAI H5N1 in U.S. poultry.
Some highlights from the report include:
USDA is working closely with international organizations like the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) to assist HPAI H5N1 affected regions with disease prevention, management and eradication activities. By helping these countries prepare for, manage or eradicate HPAI H5N1 outbreaks, USDA can reduce the risk of the disease spreading from overseas to the United States.
USDA continues to strengthen safeguards already in place to protect against the introduction of HPAI H5N1 into the United States. For example, USDA maintains trade restrictions on the importation of poultry and poultry products from regions currently affected by H5N1 HPAI in commercial or traditionally raised flocks.
USDA and state animal health officials are working cooperatively with the poultry industry to conduct surveillance at breeding flocks, slaughter plants, live-bird markets, livestock auctions and poultry dealers.
USDA has implemented a reporting system to answer calls and inquiries from the public regarding dead or sick wild birds. The toll-free number, 866-4 USDAWS, has been published on the USDA Web site, www.usda.gov/birdflu, to support public inquiries and help expedite calls.
USDA is conducting AI surveillance in wild migratory birds in Alaska and ten other states. Initial AI screening tests are performed by one of more than 45 USDA approved laboratories in the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN). In the case of wild bird samples, the U.S. Department of the Interior's National Wildlife Health Center also performs initial screening tests.
USDA has developed the National Avian Influenza Response Plan to ensure a quick and decisive response when any surveillance system detects any serious poultry disease. Last month, USDA's Draft Summary of the National Avian Influenza Response Plan was posted on the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Web site for review and comment by federal, state and industry leaders.
The 180-day report on USDA's Avian Influenza efforts is available at: www.usda.gov/documents/PandemicPlanningReport180.pdf. Additional information, including new video of USDA's Alaska surveillance efforts, Iowa testing laboratories, public service announcements and sound bytes from Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns on Avian Influenza, is available at: www.usda.gov/birdflu.